F03 A – Evaluation and Physical Therapy Management of Temporomandibular Joint and Related Dysfunctions. Dry needling: What is it and how does it help with pain related to TMD

Course Summary

This course will provide basic understanding of Temporomandibular Disorders and Craniofacial Pain. Participants will review anatomy and biomechanics of the normal Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) as well as pathophysiological mechanics seen in this patient population. This course will assist the practitioner in differentiating myofascial type pain from internal derangements as well as provide insight to the interrelationship between the cervical spine, posture, and the TMJ. Participants will gain insight into various evidence-based physical therapy modalities, techniques, and exercises used in this patient population to address TMJ related pain, the cervical spine, and posture. The practitioner will have information to provide their patients with lifestyle changes and home modalities to allow the patient to be proactive in management their condition.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain related to this, is common in patients undergoing any number of dental treatments. For musculoskeletal type pain involving muscles of mastication, expression and posture, dry needling is a very safe and effective treatment provided by licensed physical therapists that can alleviate pain and improve function. In today’s session, you will learn what is dry needling, how it is used and performed on patients and how it can improve and eliminate pain related to TMD.

Course Objectives

Part 1

  1. Participants will be able to describe TMJ anatomy, function, arthrokinematics, and recognize pathomechanics.
  2. Participants will understand how posture and cervical dysfunction might contribute to TMJ disorders.
  3. Participants will understand the physical therapist’s role in the treatment of TMD and the various evidence-based techniques and exercises used in the treatment of TMD, cervicogenic disorders, and related conditions.
  4. Participants will have information to further educate their clients in the self-management of TMD and cervicalgia symptoms.

Part 2

  1. Participants will understand the current pain science model and how dry needling iseffective in decreasing pain.
  2. Understand dry needling and how it is different than acupuncture.
  3. Participants will learn the definition of trigger points, how they are formed, their role in pain and how dry needling alleviates pain via the trigger points.
  4. Participants will understand when to refer their patients for physical therapy intervention, how to refer patients and the referral process.

CE Credit Hours = 3

AGD Code: 200

Assistants Dentist Front Desk Hygiene